More than 140 research projects were granted in 2012, including 47 new projects. Among them, 49 projects of national level totaled 19.3 million RMB, 32 provincial and ministerial level projects 10.8 million RMB, 53 enterprise projects 6.9 million RMB, and 12 international cooperation projects 0.49 million RMB. In addition, SKLEC received special funding from the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of China, among which 5 million RMB was targeted at scientific research, 4 million RMB for administration and operation of SKLEC, and 5.62 million RMB for equipment and infrastructure construction. SKLEC also received equipment and infrastructure funding (5.3 million RMB) through the scheme of ECNU “985”project. The “111 Project” “Sustainability of Water Resources in Estuarine and Coastal Environment” received 1.8 million RMB from the Ministry of Education (MOE) and the State Administration for Foreign Expert Affairs (SAFEA) of China.
Brief Introduction of Selected New Projects
NSFC Key Project: Effect of Three Gorges Project on Dynamical Sedimentation and Geomorphological Evolution of the Yangtze River Estuary and Delta (2012.01-2015.12)
The partners are East China Normal University and Ocean University of China. The project was headed by Prof. Yang Shilun and focus on 1) quantify the impact of the Three Gorges Dam on long term trends of water and sediment flux into estuary and seasonal rhythm; 2) reveal the response of geomorphic process of estuary-delta to fluvial water and sediment flux variations and its seasonal change; 3) identify the influence of the Three Gorges Dam on the dynamic sedimentation and geomorphological evolution of river delta.
NSFC Public Cruise Fund: Scientific Investigation on the Yangtze River Estuary (2012.01-2012.12)
This project was headed by Prof. Zhang Weiguo carried out jointed by the East China Sea Branch of State Ocean Administration and SKLEC. Prof. Zhu Jianrong acted as the principal investigator of the cruises. Two cruises in winter and summer were successfully completed. The disciplines involved in the investigation included physical oceanography, marine chemistry, marine geology and remote sensing. Research members from East China Normal University, Ocean University of China, Tongji University and the Second Institute of Oceanography of State Oceanic Administration of China joined the cruises.
MOST National Scientific and Technological Key Special Program: Ecological Dynamical Mechanism and Simulation of Eutrophication Evolution in the Three Gorges Dam (2012.01-2015.12)
The project is headed by Deng Bing a sub-project of “Water Environment Diagnosis and Ecological Security Safeguard under Different Water Level”, which is supported by MOST National Scientific and Technological Key Special Program. The partners are China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Environment of Chongqing Province, East China Normal University, and Huazhong Agricultural University. It aims to 1) describe the effect of the dam on hydrodynamics process of the reservoir area and the water bloom area, and migration, diffusion and transformation process of nutrients; 2) clarify environmental consequence of water exchange process; 3) describe the influx change of bioavailable nutrients into the reservoir; 4) characterize the direct and indirect impact of high water level on euphotic zone; 5) simulate eco-dynamic mechanism of the formation and disappearance of water bloom; 6) simulate the physical-ecological process of the formation and disappearance of water bloom; 7) assess middle-term and long-term risk of water bloom; 8) propose optimum strategy for water bloom control.
Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipal Major Project: Sediment Resources of the Yangtze River Estuary and Its Comprehensive Utilization (2012.10-2014.09)
The project is headed by Prof. Chen Jiyu. The partners are East China Normal University, Shanghai Investigation, Design and Research Institute, Shanghai Estuarine & Coastal Science Research Center, and Shanghai Water Planning and Design Research Institute (Shanghai Ocean Planning and Design Research Institute). It focus on: 1) distribution pattern and change of sediment resources in the Yangtze Estuary; 2) reclamation technology of low tidal flat in the Yangtze Estuary and its engineering demonstration; 3) key technology of deep water channel dredged sediment use; and 4) sustainable utilization plan of sediment resources in Shanghai. It will provide technological guide for efficient utilization of sediment resources and land reclamation in the Yangtze Estuary, and scientific assessment of the impact of major reclamation project on estuarine geomorphology.