About IMBeR


Previously known as OCEANS, IMBER was initiated by the IGBP/SCOR Ocean Futures Planning Committee in 2001. The intention was to identify the effects of global change on the ocean and the most important biological and chemical aspects of the ocean’s role in global change.

In pursuit of its goal, IMBER research is structured around four scientific themes that address specific issues.


IMBER Research Theme 1 – Interactions Between Biogeochemical Cycles and Marine Food Webs
What are the key marine biogeochemical cycles and related ecosystem processes that will be impacted by global change?
1. Transformation of organic matter in marine food webs
2. Transfers of matter across ocean interfaces
3. Material flows in end-to-end food webs

IMBER Research Theme 2 – Sensitivity to Global Change
What are the responses of key marine biogeochemical cycles, ecosystems and their interactions with global change?
1. Impacts of climate-induced changes through physical forcing and variability
2. Effects of increasing anthropogenic CO2 and changing ph on marine biogeochemical cycles, ecosystems and their interactions
3. Effects of changing supplies of macro- and micronutrients
4. Impacts of harvesting on end-to-end food webs and biogeochemical cycles

IMBER Research Theme 3 – Feedbacks to Earth System
What are the role of ocean biogeochemistry and ecosystems in regulating climate?
1. Oceanic Storage of Anthropogenic CO2
2. Feedback to Ocean Physics and Climate

IMBER Research Theme 4 – Responses to Society
What are the relationships between marine biogeochemical cycles, ecosystems, and human society?

For more information, please visit: www.imber.info

The new IMBeR Science Plan and Implementation Strategy (SPIS 2016-2025) is based on the vision “Ocean sustainability under global change for the benefit of society” with the goal to: “Understand, quantify and compare historic and present structure and functioning of linked ocean and human systems to predict options for securing or transitioning towards ocean sustainability”. The SPIS is structured around three Grand Challenges and four Innovation Challenges supported by a number of research and societal questions. You can see the SPIS here: